Some recently published standard and new applications with the PLD

1 – Poster on MA-XRF, MS-PLD, RAMS and MSI applications on a variation of case-studies in an 8th century illuminated manuscript

Watteeuw L., Hameeuw H., Vandermeulen B., Van Bos M. (2020). The study of characteristics of an 8th century illuminated manuscript by combined use of MA-XRF and Imaging with the Multispectral Microdome. The Codex Eyckensis explored. Presented at the Cancelled due to COVID-19 ICOM-CC 19th Triennial Conference Beijing, China. Online May 2021 14–18 September 2020, Beijng. (link)

Illustration on ICOM-CC poster: “Tracing compass marks and x-y-z distances with MSMD dataset, with texture map and without, CE-A, folio 1v”

2 – Applying the PLD system to scan an entire archaeological sub-collection with a variety of artifacts

Hameeuw H., Tavernier J. (2021). La collection Proche-Orient ancien du Musée L mise en lumière. In: L. Courtois (Eds.), Les études orientales à l’Université de Louvain depuis 1834. Hommes et réalisations, (479-487). (Histoire, 12). Brussels: Éditions Safran. ISBN: 978-2-87457-124-4. (link)

on this project see also this previous blog post

3 – Study of the Medieval illuminations in the Rijmbijbel of Jacob van Maerlant manuscript, combined research with MA-XRF and MS-PLD

Watteeuw L., Van Bos M., Tatiana G., Vandermeulen B., Hameeuw H. (2020). An applied complementary use of Macro X-ray Fluorescence scanning and Multi-light reflectance imaging to study Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts. The Rijmbijbel of Jacob van Maerlant. Microchemical Journal. ( (link)

4 – Detecting under-drawings, identifying pigments, visualizing thickness pigment layers and comparing pre- and post-restoration phases

Hameeuw H., Watteeuw L., Vandermeulen B., Proesmans M. (2021). The painted panels of the early sixteenth century Mechelen Enclosed Gardens Art technical Examination with the Photometric Stereo: White Light and Multispectral Microdomes. In: L. Watteeuw (Eds.), Papers Presented at the Twentieth Symposium for the Study of Underdrawing and Technology in Painting held in Mechelen and Leuven, 11-13 January 2017: vol. 20, (165-175). Presented at the Imaging Utopia: New Perspectives on Northern Renaissance Art, Leuven, 11 Jan 2017-13 Feb 2017. Leuven. ISBN: 978-90-429-4152-6. (link)

Some published applications on ‘Bruegel’ artwork

In the framework of the FINGERPRINT project (see also posts: Sept 25, 2019 and Sept 27, 2017) graphic artwork of Pieter Bruegel the Elder (or his circle) have been imaged and studied with the Portable Light Dome systems and/or in combination with other imaging methods. Since, some of these researches have been published:

Comparison as published in the reference below, MSMicroD, false colors,
revealing the difference in inks (collection: KBR SII132816, Luxuria)

Watteeuw Lieve, Marina Van Bos, M., Maarten Bassen, Van Grieken Joris, Currie Christina, Vandermeulen Bruno, Hameeuw Hendrik, Martens Maximiliaan 2020: Four Drawings by Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Art-technical Research, in: A. Hoppe-Harnoncourt, E. Oberthaler, S. Penot, M. Sellink, R. Spronk (eds.), Bruegel. The Hand of the Master. The 450 Anniversary Edition. Essays in Context, Vienna, 52-64. (link)

Upperleft corner of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Harris
Brisbane Dick Fund, 1932, inv. no. 32.63 woodblock, in a comparison between visualizations with the MSMicroD (color and normal map), as discussed in the reference below.

Watteeuw Lieve 2019: Bruegel’s Drawing of The Dirty Bride (C. 1566). A FINGERPRINT Project Case Study, in: Maarten Bassens; Lieve Watteeuw; Jan Van der Stock; Joris Van Grieken (eds.), Bruegel in Black and White. The Complete Graphic Works, KBR, Brussels and Thames & Hudson, London, 50-57. (link)

For a recent publication in which MA-XRF, standard photographic and multispectral imaging methods have been combined, see:

Watteeuw Lieve, Marina Van Bos, Joris Van Grieken, Maarten Bassens,  Bruno Vandermeulen & Hendrik Hameeuw 2021: View of the Strait of Messina, by Circle of Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Drawing Techniques and Materials examined, in: Curie Christina (ed.) The Bruegel Success Story, Papers Presented at Symposium XXI for the Study of Underdrawing and Technology in Painting, Brussels, 12-14 September 2018, Underdrawing and Technology in Painting, Symposia 21, 465-475. (link)

MS PLD results of FINGERPRINT project in KU Leuven Campuskrant

campuskrant jg 31 nr 1_Page_02_uitsnit

Cartoon by Joris Snaert © on the use of the Portable Light Dome when digitizing a Bruegel drawing (page 2 of Campuskrant 31/1) 

In an interview in the KU Leuven university journal Campuskrant with prof. Lieve Watteeuw the KU Leuven contributions to the FINGERPRINT project have been highlighted in length. The Campus article focuses on the work with the original drawings by Pieter Bruegel the Elder and how the imaging effort by the FINGERPRINT-team have made the difference to better understand the virtuosity of Breugel the artist.  These results will also be presented on the KBR exhibition: The World of Bruegel in Black and White.

PDF of the complete campuskrant edition

campuskrant jg 31 nr 1_Page_08-09

Two page article on the Bruegel research by the KU Leuven in the FINGERPRINT project (©Campuskrant 31/1, pages 9-8) 

New paper and poster presented at the Archiving 2018 conference

At the Archiving 2018 conference (April 18-20, NARA, Washington, IS&T) a new paper and poster was presented: Bridging Multi-light & Multi-Spectral images to study, preserve and disseminate archival documents.


Bruno Vandermeulen, Hendrik Hameeuw, Lieve Watteeuw, Luc Van Gool, Marc Proesmans, Bridging Multi-light & Multi-Spectral images to study, preserve and disseminate archival documents, Society for Imaging Science and Technology, Archiving2018: Final Program and Proceedings pages:64-69


Final Report EES-project

The EES-project collaborated in the joined effort to develop the multi-spectral component of the Portable Light Dome system. Below the final report of the entire project as published via its funding organisation BELSPO (see also their projects webpage):


Luc Delvaux, Hendrik Hameeuw, Athena Van der Perre, Vanessa Boschloos, France Ossieur, Bruno Vandermeulen, Marc Proesmans, Dennis Braekmans 2017: Conservation, IR, UV and 3D-Imaging: The Egyptian Execration Statuettes Project. Final Report, Belgian Science Policy – Brussels, pp 66. (DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.10989.28649)

Pieter Bruegel the Elder under the PLDs

In 2019, worldwide attention will be paid to Pieter Bruegel the Elder. It is then exactly 450 years ago that the famous artist
passed away. Therefore, Bruegel will be celebrated in exhibitions all over the world. But, new exhibitions require new research and research techniques. That’s why the Royal Library of Belgium and the KU Leuven joined efforts in the context of a BRAIN-BE project funded by Belspo. FINGERPRINT is an interdisciplinary project in which art historical and artistic research, digital imaging and image processing, conservation and restoration projects and data management are brought together. All these efforts include as well the use of both the White Light Portable Light Dome (WL PLD) and the Multispectral Portable Light Dome (MS PLD). Their datasets are being combined with the output of standard technical photography techniques. The ultimate goal of the FINGERPRINT project is to join all this static and interactive information and develop tools and methods to analyse objectively drawings, prints and engravings of this master and others; to create a platform to examine and understand a historical artifact automatically.

A first introduction article on this new project in which the PLD systems are being applied has been published in the journal Science Connection by the Belgian Science Policy Agency Belpso:

Joris Van Grieken, Lieve Watteeuw, Bruno Vandermeulen, Marc Proesmans & Maarten Bassens 2017:

  • Fingerprint onderzoekt Pieter Bruegel de oude: De start van een interdisciplinaire studie van zijn tekeningen en prenten (Dutch version),
  • Fingerprint, projet de recherche sur Pieter Bruegel l’Ancien: Le lancement d’une étude interdisciplinair de ses dessins et estampes (French version),

in: Science Connection 45, 32-36.


Light, Shadows and Surface Characteristics: The Multispectral Portable Light Dome

Poster presented @ inArt: 2nd International Conference on Innovation in Art Research and Technology, Ghent, 21-25 March 2016

by: L. Watteeuw, H. Hameeuw, B. Vandermeulen, A. Van der Perre,
V. Boschloos, L. Delvaux, M. Proesmans, M. van Bos and L. Van Gool

Poster InArt2016_Watteeuw et al

A pdf of the poster can be consulted here.