Publications (late 2015) in Near Eastern Studies

Publications in Near Eastern Studies which used PLD-technology:

With the white light Portable Light Dome

HAMEEUW H. 2015: Mesopotamian Clay Cones in the ancient Near East Collections of the Royal Museums of Art and History, in: Bulletin des Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire, Bruxelles 48 (2013), 5-48.

VAN DER STEDE V. 2015, Une statuette d’orant des MRAH, in: Bulletin des Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire, Bruxelles 48 (2013), 49-56.

HAMEEUW H., GORRIS E., TAVERNIER J. 2015: Written on Mud: Some more Brick Inscriptions from Mesopotamia, in Akkadica 136, 89-101.

With the multispectral Portable Light Dome

VAN DER PERRE A., HAMEEUW H. 2015: Multispectrale beeldvorming: de Romeinse mummieportretten van de Fajoem, in: L. Delvaux en I. Therasse (ed), Sarcofagen. Onder de sterren van Noet, Brussel, 164-165.

VAN DER PERRE A., HAMEEUW H. 2015: La création d’images multi-spectrales: les portraits romains du Fayoum, in: Delvaux, L. and I. Therasse (ed.), Sarcophages. Sous les étoiles de Nout (2015), 164-165.

Light, Shadows and Surface Characteristics: The Multispectral Portable Light Dome

Poster presented @ inArt: 2nd International Conference on Innovation in Art Research and Technology, Ghent, 21-25 March 2016

by: L. Watteeuw, H. Hameeuw, B. Vandermeulen, A. Van der Perre,
V. Boschloos, L. Delvaux, M. Proesmans, M. van Bos and L. Van Gool

Poster InArt2016_Watteeuw et al

A pdf of the poster can be consulted here.


RMAH – MS Imaging of Mummy Portrait

In collaboration with the RICH project and the ESAT labs (both KU Leuven) the Royal Museums of Art and History coordinates a pioneer project in which the multi-light Portable Light Dome is transformed into a Multi Spectral dome equipped with IR, Red, Green, Blue and UV LED light sources. This short video demonstrates the acquisition process with the fist developed MS microdome prototype of a Fayum mummy portrait (Egypt, Roman era) at the Brussels museum.

more info:

First preliminary results of the Egyptian Execration Statuettes (EES) Project

The EES Project, funded by the Belgian Science Policy agency Belspo (BR/121/PI/EES), aims to create multispectral 3D images of the Egyptian Execration figurines of the Royal Museums of Art and History (RMAH) with the newly developed Multispectral Microdome, developed in the framework of the RICH project, in order to enable a detailed study of the texts without handling the figurines themselves.

The first tests with the MS Microdome (see also blog below) already delivered some very promising results for the figurines inscribed with (red) ochre ink. When comparing the MS Microdome image to the conventional photos, it is clear that the legibility of the faded signs has improved significantly. This gives us the opportunity to reconstruct parts of the inscription which were previously considered to be lost for good.

Based on these first tests, the software can now be further adapted.

E9076 Compilation of different imagesBased on the MS microdome images an otherwise impossible attempt could be made to visualize and detect the at the bottom of the illustration highlighted line of inscription.

Execration statuettes are small figurines, inscribed with hieratic texts, listing the enemies of the Pharaoh. They are dated to the end of the 12th Dynasty (c. 1850 B.C.). The Royal Museums of Art and History (RMAH) house a large collection of these figurines, obtained by the famous Belgian Egyptologist Jean Capart in 1938. The figurines, made of unbaked clay and inscribed with black or (red) ochre ink, are currently in a very fragile condition.

These first preliminary results were made possible thanks to the continuing efforts by Marc Proesmans of the ESAT labs at the KU Leuven; Bruno Vandermeulen of the KU Leuven Arts Faculty Photolab and the Royal Museums of Art and History team in Brussels: Athena Van der Perre, Vanessa Boschloos, Hendrik Hameeuw and Luc Delvaux.

Using PLD images for the publication of Seleucid stamp seal impressions

HAMEEUW H. & VAN OVERMEIRE S. 2015: The Seleucid Bullae from Uruk in the Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels, in: Mesopotamia 49, pp 113-142, pl 5-13. (article on

The Royal Museums of Art and History (RMAH ) Near Eastern collections contain six large Seleucid bullae. These originate from the city of Warka (Uruk), where German archaeological teams began excavating in 1902, with systematic digging starting in 1912/1913 and lasting until 2002. Seleucid bullae were found in several rooms around the Bit Rēš sanctuary and they are now the property of museums world-wide. On the RMAH bullae, H. de Genouillac notes in a publication on a Sumerian-Babylonian vocabulary: «Ce beau “syllabaire” provident d’une trouvaille faite à Ouarka au printemps 1912 et comprenant 17 tablettes de présages et une centaine de contrats de l’époque des Séleucides, Il a été acquis par le Musée de Bruxelles avec divers spécimens de la même découverte.». Among them are most probably eight legal cuneiform documents and the six bullae presented here; as such, they all received successive collection numbers in the RMAH museum register.